Need To Build Resilience Against Disinformation/Misinformation
Dear Friends & Neighbors,
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George Stephanopoulos interviews Brian Murphy (former DHA Acting Under Secretary For Intelligence, Republican who voted for Trump in 2016, a Republican who voted for Trump in 2016), the former DHS acting under secretary for intelligence, on “This Week.” in the video published on Sep. 26, 2021, “Trump ‘denigrated the intelligence community’: DHS whistleblower | ABC News“, below:
Mr. Murphy was told to manipulate intelligence on (bend the truth) on three issues to fit the political narrative which Murphy refused to comply:
- Russian disinformation as it related to President Trump (denigrating Democratic candidates)
- Southwest border
- white supremacy (downplaying the threat of white supremacists)
Mr. Murphy believes that Mr. Trump has denigrated the intelligence community by using disinformation, an existential threat to democracy. Mr. Murphy now works for Logically, combating disinformation at scale globally. Disinformation is the deliberate campaign to put out false information. Disinformation is a slow moving threat facing us, rarely understood by many and often conflated with much political discussions. It is necessary to build resilience within USA against disinformation so not to permit disinformation from polarizing the country.
Disinformation: the deliberate creation or sharing of false information to mislead people
Misinformation: the act of sharing information without realizing it’s wrong
Technology has brought us to a point where we can no longer believe everything we hear, read or even see. In this era of information disorder, Global News explains how we can navigate the pollution of information out there and avoid being duped by ‘fake news’, in the video published on June 13, 2019, “‘Fake News’ explained: How disinformation spreads“, below:
In the video published on Jan. 16, 2020, “How we can protect truth in the age of misinformation | Sinan Aral“, below:
Sinan Aral thought of ways to address these very difficult problems of misinformation:
- Labeling: who in the society gets to decide if the information is true or false? Government? Facebook? An independent consortium of fact-checkers? Who is checking the fact-checkers?
- Algorithms & Machine Learning: technology devised to rule out and understand fake news, how it spreads, and to dampen its flow.
Ultimately human need to be involved in this loop of technology for we need to:
- How do we define truth and falsity
- For whom do we give the power to define truth and falsity
- Which opinions are legitimate and which type of speech should be allowed..
With the rise of fake news, fake video, and fake audio, we are on the brink of the end of reality where we cannot tell what is real from what is fake and that is potentially incredibly dangerous. We have to be vigilant in defending the truth against misinformation with our technologies, with our policies, and most importantly, with our own individual responsibilities, decisions, behaviors, and actions.
Given the sheer volume of news available, how can the average person separate fact from fiction? This series draws from common sense, critical thinking skills, and universal standards of journalism to give viewers the tools to discern fact from fiction in news reports, identify fake news, and evaluate the biases of real news, in the video published on Feb. 14, 2020, “Fake: Searching For Truth In The Age Of Misinformation | Full Documentary | Connecticut Public“, below:
Directed by Andrew Rossi (“Page One: Inside the New York Times,” HBO’s “Le Cirque: A Table in Heaven”) and executive produced by CNN’s Brian Stelter, After Truth examines “fake news,” its victims, its perpetrators, and its consequences, in the video published on March 6, 2020, “After Truth: Disinformation and the Cost of Fake News (2020) | Official Trailer | HBO“, below:
As the U.S. heads into in an election year, we face unprecedented threats from misinformation and disinformation—from both foreign actors and, increasingly, domestic ones. How should we police the challenge of malevolent speech online? In the video published on Oct. 18, 2019, “Disinformation“, below:
With the growth of social media, disinformation has become an increasingly potent political tool. State and non-state actors from various countries, among them Russia and China, have become adept at manufacturing and spreading disinformation or using covert campaigns to influence public perception and political outcomes in democratic countries around the world. Responding to this threat requires policy makers to integrate insights from different countries and from academic fields that are too often siloed, including communications, computer science, and social psychology, in the video published on Sep. 10, 2018, “Countering Disinformation: Interdisciplinary Lessons for Policymakers“, below:
Whether during an election or just a regular day of the year, people are bombarded with news and information in their feeds. So how do we know what’s true and what’s false? A lot of it unravels with a little digging. We show you what to look for and how to protect yourself from falling for disinformation and misinformation, in the video published on Sep. 11, 2019, “Why it’s so easy to fall for fake news and how to spot it“, below:
Gathered, written, and posted by Windermere Sun-Susan Sun Nunamaker More about the community at www.WindermereSun.com
Any comments, suggestions, concerns regarding this post will be welcomed at info.WindermereSun@gmail.com
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